women is given a course of the required dose of hormonal injections to
produce a ideally 10-12 eggs (instead of just one which she produces
naturally) Once the follicles starts growing they are monitored till
they reach the stage when they could be aspirated ideally 2-3 follicles
20 mm. These oocytes are then retrieved by transvaginal ultrasound under
general anaesthesia. Simultaneously, the semen sample is processed to
harvest the most active and robust sperm for maximum fertilizing
capacity. Once the sperm and the eggs are kept in a dish in the
incubator, they are checked after 18 hours , 48 hours and 72 hours and 5
days till they reach the transfer stage. The embryo transfer is then
done once again trans vaginally.
Infertility Is Not Uncommon ...
Infertility is a very common phenomenon, affecting around 1 in 6 couples. The causes of infertility are generally related to the woman 40% of the time and the man 40% of the time, with 20% resulting from a combination of both. Around 5% of infertile couples turn to IVF to help them conceive. There are also fertile people who pursue IVF for other reasons, e.g. same-sex couples, single women, those carrying a genetic disease and those creating a saviour sibling. This means that 1 in 50 babies are now born using IVF
Conventional IVF Can Be Very Time Consuming
n-vitro fertilisation, or IVF, occurs when eggs are removed from a woman’s ovaries, fertilised outside the body and then replaced inside the womb. The treatment process can be lengthy, as the woman’s body is typically stimulated in order that eggs can be collected. This can involve taking medication and going to the clinic for scans/check-ups for many weeks before the egg collection takes place. After the procedure, which usually takes only an hour, patients must come back to the clinic for the embryo to be transferred before returning for a pregnancy blood test. This means that in total treatment can take around 4-5 weeks. There are shorter forms of treatment however, which are detailed below.
There Are Different Types Of IVF Available
Although high-drug conventional IVF is the most common type of IVF in the India, this is not the only treatment available or necessarily the most appropriate treatment. There are also other, less drug-intense forms of treatment. Natural IVF is the least intensive of these and does not use any stimulating drugs. Natural Modified IVF only requires 3-4 days worth of drugs, and Mild (or mini) IVF 5-9 days of drugs. This is in comparison to conventional treatment of 4-5 weeks worth of drugs. The other advantage of these treatments is that they are carried out within the cycle, without halting the menstrual cycle and restarting it again. Egg and sperm donation and surrogacy cycles are also available if necessary
The Price May Be More Than The Cycle Cost
Patients sometimes mistake the cycle cost for the entire cost of treatment. The cycle cost includes scans, egg collection, embryology and embryo transfer. However, because treatment is generally tailored to your individual circumstances, the costs for blood tests, medication and additional techniques are not included in this price and will vary from patient to patient. Make sure you ask a clinic for a full breakdown of costs and think about any added extras you may want before starting treatment. We also offer Packages for the patients peace of mind, whicg includes the complete treatment till result.
You May Need More Than One Cycle Of Treatment
The success rates of IVF are around 35% on average, meaning that most patients will have to undergo a number of treatments before achieving a successful pregnancy. As new techniques are developed and fine-tuned, success rates are constantly improving, but usually only by small amounts. If you are starting fertility treatment, it is very important to think that you are starting a course of treatment, not just individual treatment cycles. This allows you to mentally prepare for the chance that you may need multiple treatments. You should ask your doctor to give you an individual estimation of success both in a single cycle and over a course of treatment. It should be noted that a recent study showed that the chance of success increases with an increased number of IVF cycles, with 65% having conceived after 6 cycles of treatment.
Frozen Is Just As Good As Fresh
Recent studies have suggested that frozen eggs and embryos are just as viable as fresh ones. If possible, it is better to freeze embryos than eggs as they are more stable and more likely to survive thawing. It has been suggested that a woman freezing 12 eggs under the age of 35 has a 50% chance of having a baby with these eggs through fertility treatment.
You Are More Likely To Have A Multiple Pregnancy With IVF
It is widely known that fertility treatment can result in a greater likelihood of a multiple pregnancy. Quadruplets and higher-orders of multiples, although receiving lots of publicity, are rarely the result of IVF. Instead, they usually arise as a result of high dose fertility drugs combined with intra-uterine insemination (IUI). Twins and triplets however, are more common with IVF, with the chance of a multiple birth increasing from 3% in natural conception to 33% with IVF treatment. This is because more than one embryo can be placed in the womb to increase the chances of pregnancy. In the UK, many clinics operate with a strong ‘single embryo transfer’ policy in order to reduce the incidence of multiple births. There are many risks associated with the delivery of twins and so it is important to not unnecessarily return more than one embryo. Multiple-embryo transfers are therefore mostly recommended for difficult prognosis patients. Identical as well as non-identical twins are more likely to occur, possibly because of techniques associated with IVF such as ICSI when a sperm is injected into the sperm, and PGD when a cell is removed for inspection.